Q: What is the number one precaution I should take when traveling?
|Maneesha Ahluwalia, MD|
Q: What are some good items to pack?
A: Pack full-sized bottles of sunscreen and insect repellent, especially if visiting a tropical location. Use products with 25 percent DEET; you don’t need more than that. Apply sunscreen first, and then insect repellent. Also bring hand sanitizer or dissolvable soap, which does not require water to rinse off. Oral rehydration salts can come in handy for people who become dehydrated due to traveler’s diarrhea or vomiting. Bring along 1% hydrocortisone cream; it is helpful for a variety of skin conditions from insect bites and poison ivy to allergies, rashes and overall itchiness.
|Alina A. Sanda, MD|
Q: Are there foods or drinks I should avoid?
A: If you are traveling abroad to places like Africa, Asia or South America, do not drink the tap water. Brush your teeth with bottled water. Avoid eating raw fruits or vegetables unless they have a thick peel, like a banana or orange. In all locations, be wary of food served at room temperature, raw or soft-cooked eggs, raw or undercooked meat or fish, unpasteurized dairy and wild game.
Q: Should my family be vaccinated before we travel abroad?
A: Visit a travel clinic 6-8 weeks prior to traveling and bring along your vaccination history, a detailed itinerary and your travel dates. They will be able to give you reliable advice on recommended vaccines. Some vaccines and malaria prevention tablets must be started weeks prior to travel, so be sure to plan in advance. For the most up-to-date, reliable travel alerts for every country, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website at http://www.cdc.gov/.
Q: What should I do if I think one of my family members has contracted a disease?
A: Seek medical attention immediately. Hydration is usually a good first step. Find a safe and reliable doctor who speaks your language by contacting the US embassy in your destination country (http://www.usembassy.gov). Upon returning home, make an appointment with a primary care physician, who will assess your symptoms and determine whether a referral to an infectious disease specialist is necessary.
To learn more about infectious diseases and primary care at GBMC, visit www.gbmc.org/infectiousdiseases and www.mygbmcdoctor.com or call 443-849-GBMC (4262).